MEDICINE: FEMALE GENDER, SINGULAR NUMBER? Flavia Franconi “Gender medicine” studies and emphasizes how sex and gender, which is the social and cultural attributes attached to sex or sexuality, affects the risks of becoming ill as well as the clinical history of diseases. The fact that belonging to the female gender proved to be associated to different risks to become ill or to obtain less effective treatments, as a result of the fact that the effectiveness of medical treatments are mainly studied on males, led to “gender medicine” being today almost a synonym of “women’s medicine”. Which diseases affect women more frequently or are treated less effectively in women since gender perspective is not taken into account?
Made in Germany
THE SUSTAINABILITY OF THE NHS’S. A COMPARISON BETWEEN ITALY AND GERMANY Emilia Grazia De Biasi Steffen Flessa chairman:Horst Klinkmann co-chairman: Emanuele Gatti The sustainability of “universalistic” national health systems is a very relevant and urgent political issue, on the same level as (or perhaps even more weighty than) the still ongoing debate on public welfare. An ageing population, new (and frequently very expensive) therapies, the increasing expectations by patients who understandably ask not only for treatments but also for improvements to their quality of life, require a widespread public debate. Since health is undoubtedly a basic right, the response from governments to the old and new needs of citizens seem to be far from simple and immediate.
MEDICINE ON LEASH: ANIMALS AND PREVENTION IN MEDICINE Claudio Borghi Giorgio Cantelli Forti Stefano Cinotti Fabio Grizzi Gianluigi Taverna Lorenzo Tidu The role of animals in traditional medicine has always been dependent on the needs of research rather than being a primary function in an active process of support to clinical studies and therapies. In recent times, the position of pets was greatly reconsidered, as it was proven that they play an active role for the prevention of a number of serious diseases, from cardiovascular to metabolic illnesses, and even neoplasms. More specifically, it appears that some species of pets (dogs above all) actively partake in the prevention process thanks to some of their physiological and behavioral features. A new approach to the medicine of the future that finally, after learning so much from animals, returns the role they deserve to them.
VISIT TO THE WARD. DEPARTMENT OF NEUROLOGY Simulated hospital rounds with: Rocco Liguori and Giuseppe Plazzi As it is by now customary, the Sala degli Atti of Palazzo Re Enzo will host the “visit to the ward”. A travel through time, from tradition to innovation, a tour guided by some leading figures of the Bologna Medical School, along the developments of the science of healing. An exclusive appointment by Bologna Medicina.
WHY WE LOST OUR BATTLE AGAINST ALZHEIMER? Arnaldo Benini Seventy years after its first description, we still do not know anything about the causes and processes that lead to the devastation of the brain in the Alzheimer disease, which is considered as the most widespread form of old-age dementia. Since 1992, biological and pharmacological research focused on Beta-amyloid plaques and on fibrillar degeneration, even though Alois Alzheimer had found, as early as 1911, that kind of lesions in the brain of healthy people. Drugs have not yielded any result and no specific prevention technique is known. So-called early diagnoses in healthy people are useless and create unprecedented ethical dilemmas. The story of how this condition came into being has no matches in the history of medicine.
BETWEEN THE THIRD AND THE FOURTH EDITION – 1 OCTOBER
18.00 – AULA MAGNA DI SANTA LUCIA
Nobel lecture DNA INSTABILITY AND THE ROLE OF TREX1 Tomas Lindahl introduced and coordinated by: Lucio Ildebrando Maria Cocco The covalent structure of DNA is less stable under physiological conditions than has been generally assumed. For this reason endogenous damage to DNA is continuously repaired under in vivo conditions. We have discovered and characterised several of the enzymes that account for these essential processes. The nuclear exonuclease TREX1 removes unwanted single stranded DNA fragments in mammalian cells and counteracts autoimmunity.