FESTIVAL DELLA SCIENZA MEDICA

THE AGES OF MEDICINE
BOLOGNA, 19-22 MAY 2016

«No spring nor summer beauty,
hath such grace,
I have seen in one autumnal face»
John Donne


I think it is licit to wonder whether at the different stages of life may correspond, even in the physical uniqueness, different “persons”.

Maybe this can be verified also in terms of the physiological evolution of a single person, keeping in mind that many events in life may lead to a deep personal transformation during a single biological existence.
However, what today seeems to be relevant is a long life that the privileged ones, who live in economic and socially advanced societies, pretend to live.

Too many of those who live in rich and developed communities, and for this reason tend a reject any intrusion coming from communities and nations that are not economically convenient, have the idea that it is a kind of right to stop the passing of time. Today it is a common thought that the physiological alternation of the stages of life can be changed, thus existence, which was considered unique for centuries, is now viewed as a plural experience.
Longevity represent an achievement of civilization and therefore it should come as a right to those who are part of a civilized society. In Italy, in a world context where all Nations are growing old, people age more and more, even if there has been a recent minimal trend reversal.

At this point many issues come up, raising awareness particularly in those who deal with medical science: longevity is an achievement, as long as it represents a resource, and not an emergency or a social  destabilization. An anti ageing drug does not exist, even if many people look for it, but the social context, the evolution of thought and the advanced economic and technological development, guarantee a more complete and smooth life.
However, the subject matter seems to be vast and the problem derives from the the numerous and unpredictable emergencies. Above all, how is it possible to deal with this kind of issues, in the context of an advanced civilization, without thinking primarily to young people? And how can we justify a society that only aims at vanity and at remaining always the same since growing old is no longer viewed as a benchmark?
Paradoxically, a large sector of medical research and medicine evolution risk to be blamed.

There is who (Hillman) wonders whether face lifting has to be considered a crime against humanity, “cause the way in which we treat our face has consequences on society”. I feel a strong connection with this attitude, even if it is easier to refer to Anna Magnani who says to her make up artist: “do not cover wrinkles, it took me a lifetime to have them on my face”.
The National Health Care System results to be deeply involved, sometimes with questionable procedures, in spending  exorbitant amounts of money for aesthetic medicine.
This does not represent a great success for Institutions, nor for those who repudiate the temporal limits of life, because there is a large part of the population that, even if with more hope, lives badly and without the support of that formidable shock absorber that is the family. The government tries to find a solution for the lack of support from families, not with a service network managed by competent and dedicated people, but through structures that are extraneous, linked to Institutions, to politics and sometimes even illegal.
A trend that, hopefully reversible, matches the occupation of young people with the expulsion of old ones. However, both categories, young and “old”, in view of the unavailability of young Italian people to do certain jobs, ask for new hands, without realizing that people with their history and culture will arrive and not just robots or replicants.

The story of “scrapping”, evoked too many times, is emblematic, because it contributes to strengthen the concept that old age is a useless and deteriorated state and not a prerequisite of wisdom as it used to be in the past. That is why today no one is happy to be defined as old and the anti-ageing marketing takes big advantage of this. The Government just follows instead of proceeding, it does not invent, nor innovate. It follows the glories of the “DRG” (Diagnosis Related Groups), that was born as a technical instrument of rationalization, but it actually is a stiff mechanism of simplification and injustice.

We will certainly talk about children. I don’t know whether the body is a disposable container, but surely nature has invested fundamental resources and instruments for the reproduction of species.  Ageing removal is therefore “unscheduled” (Vergani e Schiavi).

There is who said that “on the threshold of old age, a therapy of ideas is necessary”. This argument, that included illuminating claims by Italo Calvino and others, is particularly interesting but the brain that consumes the great part of the oxygen destined to the human body  has to include physiological death in the philosophy of life.
“Elderly people have to believe in themselves, in their normality” (Vergani). This is the only way, I believe, to attenuate the lacerations within the social fabric, produced by “new”diseases, like Alzheimer.

The growing individuation of new diseases and the increase in knowledge make evident the lack of sociality in death, disease and old lage.The arrival of exceptional pharmaceuticals, that are the results of the more and more advanced research activity of the Italian pharmaceutical companies, requires an intervention not only on the costs, even if companies are obliged to spend enormous amounts of money in their industrial development, but also an involvement of the entire society.
Disease, death, and old age eradication reinforces a Western gap, based on “every old person wants to be young” towards the Third world, based on “every young person wants to become old”.

Morality, ideology and economy seem to no longer live in Italy, but our hope is that, also through the experience of the Festival, Bologna may again play the important role that it had for a long time in history.

Fabio Roversi Monaco
President of Genus Bononiae. Musei nella Città

* I used many quotations from the book by Carlo Vergani and Gian Giacomo Schiavi, Ancora giovani per essere vecchi, (Still young to be old) published by Corriere della Sera in 2014. I would like to thank the Authors.

LIFE’S STAGES

There is a widespread debate today about the short term perspective of a “personalized medicine”, or better a “precision medicine”: but how many “people” are we, or how much do we change during our life course? How many different “ages” do we live, from the stage of a fertilized egg up to the conclusive ones of old age, more or less senescent?

The first edition of Bologna Medicina, the Festival della Scienza Medica focused the scientific and clinical attention on the “long life” condition. Any evidence shows that – at least in the wealthier and more advanced societies – the life expectation of human biological adventure on the Earth reaches out towards a hundred years. The second edition, which will take place from 19th to 22th of May 2016, shall instead focus on the different stages of this exciting and precarious adventure: how many “life stages” are there?

Prenatal, neonatal, infancy, childhood, juvenile, puberty, adolescence, adult life, old age and senescence. Human biologists who study the transitional physiological changes of our body-mind complex count at least ten different stages, each one with specific features. Although we take for granted that we are always the same person from the cradle to the grave, in reality each one lives as many lives a number of physiological stages, therefore we encounter different potential pathologies according the specific life stage we are in. This means that medicine has to use new ideas and creative strategies to pursue scientific and technological advancements to explain, prevent and cure diseases in an effective and functional way while taking into consideration the different stages of each human life: how many and which interventions can be applied at the different “ages of life” to prevent the health consequences from the lack of awareness that, during human life, our “person” goes through so many relevant physiological modifications? In fact, each specific growth process changes our body-mind and also the individual predisposition to fall ill.Certainly, many dangers do not strictly depend on age – such as the most common ones, like infectious diseases – but for many of the more common diseases medicine has to keep on evolution and development, as it has already started to do, and always more scientifically reliable methods, in order to come up with pertinent explicative models, effective prevention strategies and tailored therapies.

Nothing makes sense in Biology [so neither in Medicine] except in the light of evolution – said the evolutionary geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky. The human species phylogeny has been lasting millions of years, and as for other higher organisms, natural selection favoured our investments and adjustment abilities rather than only the reproductive ones: it is because of the natural selection process that we acquired a species specific Life Cycle. This means that the resources for growing, for staying alive and for reproducing, related to age or size, are distributed so that they can maximize the potential to adapt during the individual life stages. The evolution of the Human Life Cycle, in particular of specific pre-adult characteristic of this cycle (all the many and long stages preluding adult life, from the prenatal one to adolescence) allowed for the acquisition of the mental capacities needed and sufficient for evolution and for the diffusion of “higher” human traits. It is because we live many lives that our life was so efficient in the colonization of the world.

Understanding the evolutionary meaning of the Ages of Life means to better qualify the aim of personalizing medicine, by making it more precise. Nonetheless, the Festival della Scienza Medica can only look far ahead.

In Bologna, medicine has a great future.

Gilberto Corbellini and Pino Donghi

FOR THE YOUNGEST
The wonders of the human body described playing. The splendour of the Anatomical Theatre, one of Bologna’s jewel, exclusively open for schools and families. A journey for young explorers of tomorrow’s knowledge.

THE STAGES OF LIFE
Diseases and medicine are analyzed through the body over time. A dynamic and historicized visit about pathological biology and anatomy. The awareness that the oganism identity can be measured on the different persons that we become throughout the multiple stages of our life.

THE GUEST COUNTRY
On the long journey of humanity, the cultural dimension projects itself on the evolution of species: to the same biology, different visions of the world and social developments correspond. This year, at Bologna Medicine, a new “guest country” has been selected: the millenary tradition of Chinese medicine is compared, positively, to our history and knowledge.

SPECIAL EVENTS
Music, art, cinema, shows. Medicine meets some of today and history’s protagonists, contaminating discourse genres, verifying translation itineraries, trying to let the richness of the philosophical-medical thought emerge from the comparison with other disciplines.a

THE LESSON OF HISTORY
History is also the record of great medical achievements. It is difficult to imagine the recent social developments, with a life expectancy that in advanced countries aspires to one hundred years, without understanding the value of some fondumental pharmacological revolutions. Pandemic eradication, discovery of anti-inflammatories and antibiotics, the study of antiparasitics. At Bologna Medicine, 4 pharmaceuticals that have changed the history of humanity.

VISITS IN WARDS
Three beds, three patients, the same disease but different diagnosis and therapies in different historical periods. A mix between a conference and a theatrical event: the public follows the “primary doctor” – like in hospitals, in the morning “ward visits”– that examines the patients/students. Medicine’s progresses between old and new diseased people…but not only! Life in the family doctor’s studio: a simulation to understand the centrality of the patient.

FOCUS
Current day highlights: vaccines, personalized medicine, sleep disorders, doctor-patient relationship, cognitive exercise, ageing slow down, costs and benefits of research, new horizons in biotechnology, prevention, screening and transplants.

MEDICINE IN EVOLUTION
Medicine, like every science, is in continuous and positive evolution, yesterday’s discoveries represent the ground on which to build tomorrow’s knowledge. The conferences scheduled provide an overview of some recent developments of bio-medical research – but also of apparently distant disciplines, like information technology and telecommunication – tracing the horizon of medicine and of the doctor-patient future relationship.

AT THE TABLE!
Nutraceutics is one of the new and important dimensions of the relationship among health, disease, well-being and prevention. A conference programme to take the stock of what we know, what we are able to cure, what can be prevented, and what we should find in the dish, in all the stages of life!

EX CATHEDRA – NOBEL LECTURES
Magistral conferences, in the name of the great clinicians and scholars of the Alma Mater tradition of the first modern medicine school in the history of the University.

CURATED BY
A series of meetings organised and promoted by institutions, companies, bodies and sectoral organisations.

Alison Abbott

Alison Abbott studied pharmacology but has spent most of her life in scientific journalism. She has been Senior European Correspondent for Nature since 1992, covering medical sciences as well as science policy in central and southern Europe, including Italy.

Roberto Balzani

Roberto Balzani is a Contemporary History Ordinary Professor at the University of Bologna. He is a scholar of local administration in the XIX and XX century, he was also Mayor of Forlì from 2009 to 2014.

Fu Baotian

Worldwide-known acupuncturist, Fu Baotian is President of the Italian Association of Natural Medicine.

Andrea Bartuli

Andrea Bartuli is the Responsible of the Complex Operative Unit Rare Diseases and Medical Genetics at the Bambin Gesù (IRCCS) children’s hospital of Rome. He is also a member of the Scientific Committee for the List of Rare Diseases of Latium.

Mariano Bassi

A Bolognese Psychiatrist, Director of the Mental Health Department at the Niguarda General Hospital of Milan. Formerly President of the Italian Psychiatric Society, is currently Professor at the Medicine and Surgery Faculty of the University of Bologna.

Franco Bazzoli

Franco Bazzoli is Professor of Gastroenterology at the University of Bologna, and Director of the Operative Unit of Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy at the general hospital S. Orsola-Malpighi of Bologna since 2010; he is also Director of the Digestive System Department of the same Institute since 2014. He is honorary member of the European Helicobacter Pylori Study Group since 2012.

Arnaldo Benini

Arnaldo Benini is Professor of Neurosurgery at the University of Zurich. His latest publications include Che cosa sono io Il cervello alla ricerca di sé stesso (Garzanti 2009); La coscienza imperfetta. Le neuroscienze e il significato della vita (Garzanti 2012); with Giorgio Vallortigara Cervelli divisi Solo gli esseri umani contano da sinistra a destra? (Accademia di Architettura Mendrisio 2014). Translation of Paul Thagard’s book, Il cervello e il senso della vita (Mondadori 2014). He collaborates with the cultural Sunday supplement of the newspaper Il Sole24Ore about Science topics.

Bruce Beutler

Bruce Beutler was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2011, along with Jules Hoffmann and Ralph M. Steinmann, for the discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity. He is Professor and Director at the Center for the Genetics of Host Defense and holder of the “Raymond and Ellen Willie Distinguished Chair in Cancer Research”, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center (USA). Since 2008, he is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences.

Alberto Bianchi

Doctor Alberto Bianchi is a specialist in Maxillofacial Surgery. He is a research Doctor in 3D Technologies at the University of Bologna. He is the Medical Director of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Operative Unit of the Sant’Orsola Plyclinic, Bologna.

Luigi Bolondi

Luigi Bolondi is Internal Medicine Ordinary Professor at the University of Bologna, he was the President of the Medicine and Surgery School of the same University; he is also the Director of the Internal Medicine Operative Unit of the S. Orsola Polyclinic in Bologna. He is the author of 6 monographs, 3 of which are international, regarding epatology and diagnostic imaging. He has published 325 articles in international periodicals reviewed by Science Citation Index.

Francesco Botrè

Francesco Botrè is graduated in Chemistry and Pharmacy and specialized in Pharmacology; he is Professor at the “Sapienza” University of Rome. Since 1998 he has been the Director of the Anti-Doping Laboratory FMSI, the only one in Italy accredited by the World Anti-Doping Agency. He is the author of over 250 scientific publications.

Marcella Brizzi

Marcella Brizzi is an expert on Unconventional Medicine and Naturapathy.

Giorgio Cantelli Forti

Giorgio Cantelli Forti is Professor of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy at the Bologna University.

Mauro Capocci

Mauro Capocci is Assistan Professor of History of Medicine at the University La Sapienza of Rome. He collaborated with the Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana “G. Treccani”, “Galileo” (www.galileonet.it) and “Sapere”. He published his own researches on several international reviews and in 2014 he edited, with Gilberto Corbellini, Le cellule della speranza (Codice Edizioni). He collaborates with “Le Scienze” and the “Ciclofficina Centrale di Roma” (www.ciclonauti.org).

Elena Cattaneo

Elena Cattaneo is Professor at Milan University where she directs the “Stamina cells’ biology Laboratory and Pharmacology of the neurogenerative diseases”.

Augusto Cavina

Augusto Cavina is President and CEO of the Montecatone Rehabilitation Institute S.p.a.

Arrigo Francesco Giuseppe Cicero

Arrigo F.G. Cicero, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences at the University of Bologna. Doctor, graduate of nutrition and geriatric therapy at the University of Paris, Internal Medicine Researcher, President of the Italian Nutraceutical society, Author of more than 300 publications on international periodicals (N Engl J Med. 2016;374:591-2, Pharmacol Res. 2016;107:234-42).

Aaron Ciechanover

Professor Aaron Ciechanover is an Israeli physician and scientist. Along with Professors Hershko and Rose, he discovered the ubiquitin system which disposes from the body faulty proteins that if accumulated cause many diseases, including cancer and brain diseases (Alzheimer’s, for example). For their discovery they were awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, but also many other prestigious prizes.

Stefano Cinotti

Stefano Cinotti is Professor at the Veterinary Department in Bologna.

Lucio Ildebrando Maria Cocco

Lucio Ildebrando Maria Cocco is Professor of Human Anatomy at the University of Chieti since 1986, and Professor of the same discipline at the University of Bologna since 1990. He was awarded with “The titular Litchfield Lectureship 2016-2017” by the Oxford University. He is the Director of the Laboratorio di Trasduzione del Segnale at the Department of Biomedical sciences at the University of Bologna and he is Editor-in-Chief of the series Advances in Biological Regulation, Elsevier Publ.

Fiorenzo Conti

Fiorenzo Conti is Professor of Human Physiology at the Università Politecnica of the Marche, and Director of the Centro di Neurobiologia dell’invecchiamento of the IRCCS INRCA (Ancona). His research focuses on the molecular organization of the cerebral cortex and its alterations in neuropsychiatric diseases. He is the President of the Società Italiana di Neuroscienze.

Gilberto Corbellini

Gilberto Corbellini teaches Bioethics and History of Medicine at the University La Sapienza of Rome, and he is the Director of the Museo di Storia della Medicina. He collaborates with the supplement Domenica of the Sole24Ore and he published several books, like EBM. Medicina basata sull’evoluzione (Laterza 2007), La razionalità negata. Psichiatria e antipsichiatria in Italia (with G. Jervis, Bollati Boringhieri 2008), Scienza, quindi democrazia (Einaudi 2011), Tutta colpa del cervello. Introduzione alla neuroetica (with E. Sirgiovanni, Mondadori 2013), Storia e teorie della salute e della malattia (Carocci 2014), “Imperfezioni umane” (with Luca Pani, Rubbettino 2015), “Cavie? Sperimentazione e diritti animali” (with Chiara Lalli, Il Mulino 2016).

Cesare Cornoldi

Cesare Cornoldi is Professor of general Psychology at the University of Padua. Since 1985 he has been the Director of the Master in “Psychopathology of Learning and of the Service for Learning Diseases” at the University of Padua. He wrote several books, in Italian and English, and he is the author of over 300 research works that appeared on the most important national and international reviews. His main research focuses on memory, intelligence, apprehension and its diseases. He is President of AIRIPA (Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca e l’Intervento in Psicopatologia dell’Apprendimento), Director of the review ‘Psicologia Clinica dello Sviluppo’ and coordinator of the Scientific Committee of ‘Psicologia e Scuola’. He has been a Visiting Professor in many Universities, like UCLosAngeles, UNorthCarolina, British Columbia, Aberdeen (where he was nominated honorary Professor), Paris-V, UBA, Columbia, NewYorkU, UCIrvine.

Marco Corsi

Marco Corsi graduated in Medicine and Surgery; he has been Medical Director of Sigma Tau for 35 years, coordinating the clinical trials of new drugs of cardiovascular, oncology and tropical diseases type.

Pietro Corsi

Pietro Corsi has worked in several European and American Universities (Cambridge, Ginevra, Harvard, Paris, EHESS). He is Emeritus Professor at Oxford. In 2016 he was awarded with the Chair of Excellence by the University Carlos III, Madrid.

Renato Crepaldi

Renato Crepaldi is a Tuina Quigong teacher and an expert in acupuncture and traditional chinese medicine. He’s President of the Matteo Ricci Fundation in Ravenna, Italy.

Carlo Maria Croce

Carlo Maria Croce is Director of the Genetics Institute at the Comprehensive Cancer Center of Ohio State University. He discovered the oncogenes MYC, BCL1, BCL2 e TCL1.

Giovanni De Girolamo

Giovanni de Girolamo, a medical doctor in psychiatry, is currently a II° Level Medical Director and Responsible of the Operative Unit of Epidemiological and Evaluative Psychiatry in the Fatebenefratelli I.R.C.C.S. of Brescia, the only one among the 48 Italian IRCCS (Scientific Institute of Reasearch, Hospitalization and Health Care) that focuses on psychiatry. During the years 2008-2013 he was also the Scientific Director of the same I.R.C.C.S. He has been a Visiting Fellow at the Psychiatry Institute of London (in the Unit managed by M. Shepherd), at the Institute of Psychiatric Demography in Aarhus (Denmark), and at the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic in Pittsburgh (USA). From 1988 to 1994 he worked at the Mental Health Division of the W.H.O in Geneva, guided by Norman Sartorius. From 1998 to 2001 he was the Coordinator of the Mental Health National Project, organized by the National Institute of Health in Rome, that involved 47 specific research projects and more than 100 centers throughout Italy. He has promoted and directed numerous international and national research projects. He is the author of 345 publications, among which 40 volumes or monographs (as author or curator), 275 periodical articles and 73 book chapters in 3 languages.

Michele De Luca

Michele De Luca is Ordinary Professor of Biochemistry, Director of the “Stefano Ferrari” Regenerative Medicine center and Director of the Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Interdepartmental center of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. He is the Scientific Director of Holostem Terapie Avanzate Srl.

Riccardo Dalla Favera

Riccardo Dalla Favera is a Professor of Pathology and Genetics, and the Director of the Institute for Cancer Genetics at Columbia University, in New York. Among his lates publications, can be quoted Basso, K., Dalla-Favera, R. Germinal Centres and B cell lymphomagenesis. Nature Reviews Immunology 15(3):172-84, 2015.

Luca Enei

Luca Enei is Manager of the Informative Systems and Assistive Technologies Consultant at the ASPHI Onlus Fundation.

Pasquale Fedele

Pasquale Fedele is Founder of Liquidweb s.r.l. an innovative startup.

Alberto Forchielli

Alberto Forchielli is Founding Partner of Mandarin Capital Partners.

Claudio Franceschi

Claudio Franceschi was Professor of Immunology at the Universities of Padua, Modena and Bologna (1998-2003), and now he is Emeritus Professor at the University of Bologna. He discovered the main characteristics of the immunosenescence and he studies the molecular and cellular bases of ageing and human longevity with researches on centenarians.

Federico Fubini

Federico Fubini is Vice-director of the newspaper Corriere della Sera.

Giovanni Gatti

Giovanni Gatti is Director of the “Qi Gong School” in Milano.

Nicola Gencarelli

Nicola Gencarelli works witch technologies for the disabilities at the ASPHI Onlus Fundation.

Luigi Gerli

Luigi Gerli is Curator of the Marino Marini Collection of mechanical instruments.

Maurizio Giani

Maurizio Giani teaches musical aesthetics at the Department of the Arts of the University of Bologna. He has been studying for years the relationship among literature, aesthetics and music, with particular reference to German culture of the 19th and the 20th centuries.

Alberto Giannetti

Alberto Giannetti is Director of the Dermatological Clinic of the University of Modena, and Scientific Director of IRCCS national dermatologists, President of the Italian and European Societies of Dermatology and Emeritus Professor of Dermatology at the University of Modena. Among his latest publications is Textbook of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (2013, Piccin Editore).

Peter Gluckman

Sir Peter Gluckman is Chief Science Advisor to the Prime Minister of New Zealand, co-chair of the WHO Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity and head of the Centre for Human Evolution, Adaptation and Disease at the University of Auckland. He has published over 700 scientific papers and reviews and several books for both technical and lay audiences. His research has encompassed fetal and childhood development, the origins of obesity, developmental origins of health and disease, epigenetics and the evolutionary-medical interface. He has received numerous scientific and civilian honours.

Stefano Golinelli

He graduated in elctronic engineering in 1970 with top results at the University of Bologna. Afterwards, he worked for several years at CISE, ENEL industrial research centre. He entered Alfa Wassermann SpA in 1975, company founded by his father in 1948, where he had different roles with growing responsibilities. During the 1990’s he was a member of the Management Board and CEO. Now he is the President of the company. He is the President of Alfasigma SpA, a pharmaceutical group born in 2015 from the union of Alfa Wassermann and Sigma-Tau. Eng. Stefano Golinelli is a member of the Executive Committee of Farmindustria, association of pharmaceutical companies.

Andrea Grignolio

Andrea Grignolio (Rome, 1974) teaches History of Medicine at La Sapienza University of Rome and he is research fellow of the research program Le Studium Biomedicaments at the Université François Rabelais of Tours(France). He was guest at the Centre Cavaillès of the Ecole Normale Supérieure of Paris, Postdoc Fellow at the Center for History and Philosophy of Science of the Boston University and Visiting Scholar at the Office for History of Science and Technology of the University of California, Berkeley. He is author of the book Chi ha paura dei vaccini? (Codice Edizioni 2016). He currently writes on the newspapers La Stampa and Repubblica.

Patrizia Hrelia

Ordinary Professor of Toxicology at the Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, President of the Italian Society of Toxicology, where she is involved in fighting against counterfeiting of medicines and health products and in promoting food safety. She is the author of more than 180 works concerning preventive and translational medicine.

Silvana Hrelia

Silvana Hrelia is Professor of Biochemistry at Pharmacology School of Bologna.

Tim Hunt

Sir Tim Hunt was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2001 for the discoveries of protein molecules that control the division of cells. He works at the Cancer Research UK, London Research Institute, Clare Hall Laboratories, South Mimms, Herts EN6 3LD, U.K. He became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1991 and a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Sciences in 1999. He was knighted in 2006.

Eric Kandel

Eric Kandel won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2000. His studies are about the fisiology of neuronal memory.

Luciano Lancioni

Giuliano Lancioni, is a Professor of Arabic Language and Literature at Roma Tre University, he deals with computational models of music and language.

Liuwe Tamminga

Liuwe Tamminga is considered one of the major specialists of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Italian repertoires for organ. He is the organist of the historic organs at the Basilica of San Petronio in Bologna together with Luigi Ferdinando Tagliavini, where he plays the magnificent instruments by Lorenzo da Prato (1471-75) and Baldassarre Malamini (1596). He has recorded several compact discs, among them the complete works of Marc’Antonio Cavazzoni (awarded the “Diapason d’Or,” Preis der Deutschen Schallplattenkritik 2005, Goldberg 5 stars); the complete Fantasies of Frescobaldi (best recording of Amadeus, March 2006 and Diapason 5 stars); “Mozart in Italia” (Preis der Deutschen Schallplattenkritik 2006 and Diapason 5 stars); and a recording dedicated to Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli, together with L. F. Tagliavini (“Choc de la musique” and the International Prize “Antonio Vivaldi” of the Cini Foundation in Venice, 1991). He is the curator of the San Colombano Museum – Tagliavini Collection.

Luo Ping

Luo Ping is Director of the Education Department of the Chinese Embassy.

Nicoletta Luppi

Nicoletta Luppi is Vice President and Managing Director of MSD Italia.

Alberto Mantovani

Alberto Mantovani graduated in Medicine and Surgery and specialized in Oncology; he is the Scientific Director of the IRCCS Istituto Clinico Humanitas and teaches at the Humanitas University. He received several national and international prices for his research activity. Since many years he is pointed out as one of the most quoted authors of the international scientific literature.

Claudio Marchetti

Professor Claudio Marchetti is a Specialist in Maxillofacial Surgery. He is a Maxillofacial Surgery Ordinary Professor at the University of Bologna. He is the Director of the Oral and Maxillofacial Operative Unit of the Sant’Orsola Polyclinic, Bologna.

Giuseppe Martorana

Giuseppe Martorana has been Professor of Urology at the University of Bologna since 1994. He is a national and international expert of Cancer Urology. He is promoter of advanced technologies like laparoscopy and robotic surgery in Urology. He is co-founder of SIURO (Società Italiana di Urologia Oncologica) established in 1990. He was President of the Società Italiana di Urologia. He was also President of the College of ordinary Urology Professors. He is founder and President of the Scientific Committee of SAMUR (Studi Avanzati Malattie Urologiche) Onlus Association.

Armando Massarenti

Armando Massarenti is in charge of the cultural supplement of the magazine “Il Sole 24 Ore”.

Umberto Mazzanti

Umberto Mazzanti is Vice President of the Association of Bolognaise Acupuncturist Doctors.

Mario Melazzini

Mario Melazzini is President of the Board of AIFA.

Clara Melloni

Clara Melloni studied Chinese Medicine at the Italian Acopuncture Society, Canton University and at the Quigong research institute of Beijing University. In 2006 she was elected president of the Italian Federation of Integrated Medicine.

Gaetano Miccichè

Gaetano Miccichè is President of Banca IMI.

Francesca Milano

Francesca Milano is an expert in dentistry of the sleep.

Emilio Minelli

Emilio Minelli is in charge of the special courses of Acupuncture and Unconventional Medicine and Complementary Techniques at Milan University.

Luigi Naldini

Luigi Naldini is Director of the Istituto San Raffaele Telethon per la Terapia Genica (SR-Tiget), Director of the Divisione di Medicina Rigenerativa e Cellule Staminali of the Istituto San Raffaele; he is a member of the Scientific Committee for Research at the Istituto San Raffaele and Professor at the University Vita Salute San Raffaele.

Alessandro Nanni Costa

Alessandro Nanni Costa is General Manager of the National Centre for Transplants.

Manlio Nicoletti

Manlio Nicoletti is Medical Director of the Oculistic Unit at the Ospedale Maggiore of Bologna.

Domenico Nocera

Domenico Nocera is Computer Technician for Infracom Italia S.p.a.

Giuseppe Novelli

Giuseppe Novelli è is Dean of Tor Vergata University in Rome.

Luca Pani

Luca Pani is General Manager of the Drug’s Italian Agency (AIFA).

Gabriele Pelissero is the President of the Gruppo Ospedaliero San Donato.

Susi Pelotti

Susi Pelotti is Professor of Forensic Medicine at Bologna’s Law School.

Andrea Pession

Andrea Pession is Professor of Pediatrics and Director of the School of Specialization in General and Specialist Pediatrics at the University of Bologna. He wrote six book and published over 489 articles reviewed by the Science Citation Index.

Antonio Pirodda

Antonio Pirodda is Professor at Bologna’s Medical School.

Giuseppe Plazzi

Giuseppe Plazzi is Professor of Neurology at Bologna’s University.

Eleonora Porcu

Eleonora Porcu is Associate Professor of Gynaecology and Obstetrics at the University of Bologna, and Responsible of the StrutturaSemplice di Infertilità e Procreazione Medicalmente Assistita at the general hospital S. Orsola-Malpighi of Bologna. She is author of 215 international publications and 179 national publications.

Romano Prodi

Romano Prodi is President of the Fondazione per la Collaborazione tra i Popoli.

Claudio Rapezzi

Professor Claudio Rapezzi is Director of the Unità Complessa of Cardiology at the general hospital S. Orsola of Bologna and of the School of Cardiovascular System Diseases at the University of Bologna. His research focus mostly on: clinic cardiology, cardiovascular physiopathology, diagnostics, electrocardiography, cardiac insufficiency and myocardium diseases. He is author of over 500 publications on national and international reviews, books and conventions acts.

Fabio Regazzi

Fabio Regazzi has a degree in piano, composition and electronic music. Since 1993 he has worked at the Department of Arts of the University of Bologna, where he is the Responsible of the Laboratory of Musical Computer Science. He is the Technical Director of the Laboratory “DoMuS” (Documentazione della Musica e dello Spettacolo) as an expert at audio-video transferring, digitalization and restoration from analog devices, in particular from tapes and vinyl discs.

Giuseppe Remuzzi

Giuseppe Remuzzi is “clara fama” Professor of Nephrology at the Department of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences of the University of Milan. From 1996 to 2013 he was Director of the Public-Private Department of Immunology and Transplant Clinic (a collaboration between Ospedali Riuniti and Istituto Mario Negri), and from 2011 to 2015 he was Director of the Department of Medicine at the Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital (Bergamo). He is a member of the “Gruppo 2003”, the group of the most quoted authors of the international scientific literature (Institute for Scientific Information, Philadelphia). He is the author of over 1290 publications on International Reviews and of 13 books; he also writes for the Corriere della Sera newspaper.

Walter Ricciardi

Walter Ricciardi is Professor of hygiene at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery “A. Gemelli” of the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.

Luigi Ricciardiello

Luigi Ricciardiello is a Gastroenterology Professor at the Medical and Surgical Science Department of the University of Bologna. From 1997 to 2000 he was a Postdoctoral fellow at the University of California in San Diego and from 2005 to 2009 he was a Senior Research Associate at the Baylor University Medical Center of Dallas. His scientific and clinical activity mainly concerns colon cancers. He is the President-elect of the National Societies Committee and of the United European Gastroenterology.

Massimo Scaccabarozzi

Massimo Scaccabarozzi is President and CEO of Janssen Italia and Presidente of Farmindustria.

Giangiacomo Schiavi

Giangiacomo Schiavi is an Italian writer and journalist.

Renato Seracchioli

Director of the Gynecology and Phisiophatology of Reproduction Operative Unit of the S.Orsola-Malpighi Polyclinic of Bologna. He is also Associate Professor of Gynecology at the University of Bologna. He is interested in sterility and assisted reproductive technology. He is the author of more than 200 publications concerning sterility, assisted reproductive technology and minimally invasive gynecological surgery.

Vittorio Alessandro Sironi

Vittorio A. Sironi is a doctor, historian and anthropologist, specialized in neurosurgery and history of medicine. He teaches History of medicine and health care at the faculty of Medicine and Surgery of the University Milano Bicocca, where he is the Director of the “Centro studi sulla storia del pensiero biomedico” (www.cespeb.it). He is the author of several essays about the history of Medicine, neurosciences and the popular cultures; he has founded and directs, together with Giorgio Cosmacini, the series History of medicine and health care for Laterzapublishers.

Piergiorgio Strata

Piergiorgio Strata is Emeritus Professor of Neurophysiology at the University of Turin. He was a researcher in Canberra and Chicago with the Nobel Prize John Eccles. He is Honorary Professor of Neurology at the Northwestern University of Chicago. He is a member of international Societies and Academies, like the Academia Europaea. National Academy of Sciences XL Medal in Physical and Natural Sciences and Premio Feltrinelli at the Accademia dei Lincei. His research focuses on the functions of the cerebellum, memory and brain damage therapy. He is the author of over 250 publications on international scientific reviews, like P. Strata “La strana coppia Il rapporto mente-cervello da Cartesio alle neuroscienze” (2014, Carocci publishing house); G. Giorello and P. Strata (ed.) “L’automa spirituale. Menti, cervelli, computer” (1991, Laterza publishing house).

Marina Tadolini

Marina Tadolini is a Doctor, Specialized in Infectious Diseases. She works internationally as an expert in Tuberculosis for the World Health Organization and the Global Fund. Since 2013 she has been a reference point for Tuberculosis at the Infectious Disease Clinic, University Hospital Authority S. Orsola Polyclinic.

Marina Timoteo

Marina Timoteo is Professor at the University of Bologna, Director of the Istituto Confucio – Università di Bologna, Vice-principal at the School of Law at the University of Bologna and Director of AlmaLaurea.

Antonio Tosco

After graduating Law School he starts his career in the pharmaceutical area in 1986. For 10 years he has worked as Director of the Terapeutic Area Fertility & Endocrinology at Merck Serono. Since April 2011 he’s Health Outcomes & Market Access Director. He’s Vice President of Farmindustria’s Biotechnologies Group.

Roberta Vannini

Roberta Vannini is Coordinator of Rehabilitation Area at Montecatone Rehabilitation Institute S.p.A.

Elena Vegni

Elena Vegni, Clinical Psychology Professor at the University of Milan, deals with doctor-patient communication as the principle theme of her research curriculum. She has published quantitative investigations through the use of Roter Interaction Analysis System, one of the most widely used instrument to study communication during a medical examination. She has also published quantitative investigations through the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, in order to evaluate how the relational processes may deposit on the life of both the patient and the doctor, representing a resource but also an obstacle. She has published (for Cortinapublishing house) together with Egidio Moja “La visita medica centrata sul paziente” (The medical examination centered on the patient) and translated “La comunicazione della malattia grave” by R. Buckman.

Carlo Verdone

Carlo Verdone is an Italian director, actor and screenwriter. He won many prizes such as 9 David di Donatello and the Nastro d’Argento in 1980 for best emerging actor.

Carlo Vergani

Prof. Carlo Vergani graduated in 1963 in Medicine and Surgery. He studied with a scholarship at NATO at the Medical Centre of S. Francisco (University of California). He was Professor of Internal Medicine – Geriatrics from 1986 to 2010, Director of the Department of Internal Medicine from 2001 to 2007, Director of the Specialization School in Geriatrics from 2002 to 2008, Coordinator of the PhD in ageing physiopathology from 1999 to 2005 and from 2005 to 2008 at the University of Milan. He managed the Complex Unit of Geriatrics at the Foundation IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico di Milano from 1993 to 2010. He was a member of the Health Council from 1997 to 2002. He published many articles on national and international medical reviews. He wrote La nuova longevità (Oscar Saggi Mondadori 1999), Note pratiche di diagnosi e terapia perl’anziano (Elsevier 2008). He is co-author of Ancora giovani per essere vecchi (Grandi Saggi Corriere della Sera 2014). In 2011, he was awarded with the gold medal from the city of Milan.

Pierluigi Viale

Pierluigi Viale is Professor of Infectus Diseases at Bologna’s University.

Claudio Vicini

Claudio Vicini is Professor of Maxillo- facial techniques at Parma’s University.

Claudio Vincelli

Claudio Vincelli is Commander of the Carabinieri Command for Healt’s Safeguard.

Wei Wei

Wei Wei is Professor at the University of Chinese Medicine of Beijing, and he is the Responsible of the PhD and post-PhD programs of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences. He is Director of the Department of gastroenterology of the Wangjing hospital, he is the Responsible of the Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine Treatment for the functional gastrointestinal tract diseases; he is the Academic Leader of the National Special Medical Center and National Special Priority Fields of Study and a member of the Advisory Board of the China Association of Chinese Medicine.

Wan Wenming

Wang Weming is Professor of Acupuncture at Liaoning’s Traditional Medicine School.

Zhu Xiaoxin

Zhu Xiaoxin is the Vice-president of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences and he is a member of the Academic Committee of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences. He is one of the main collaborators of Tu Youyou, and he took part in the research team that developed the project leading to the awarding of the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2015. He keeps on developing the research field started with Prof. Tu Youyou, and now he deals with pharmacology and pharmacokinetics in the traditional Chinese Medicine (with particular attention to the vassal pharmacology) for the development and research of new drugs.

Rocco Maurizio Zagari

Rocco Maurizio Zagari is an Associate Professor of Gastroenterology at the Medical and Surgical Science Department of the University of Bologna. From 2005 to 2009 he was Research Fellow at the University of Leeds, Uk, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, obtaining a Master of Science in Epidemiology and Biostatistics. His research activity concerns the Helicobacter pylori infection and the diseases of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum.

Giovanni Zuliani

Giovanni Zuliani is Professor at Ferrara’s Medicine School.

Festival della Scienza Medica 2016

Download the English version of the program 2016

May 19th

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May 20th

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May 21st

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May 22nd

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PALAZZO FAVA. EXHIBITION CENTRE (via Manzoni, 2)

Inaugurated in 2011, today Palazzo Fava is Genus Bononiae’s Exhibition Centre.
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SAN COLOMBANO. TAGLIAVINI COLLECTION (via Parigi, 5)

The Complex of San Colombano is composed of a series of buildings joined together over time, starting from the 7th century.
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SANTA MARIA DELLA VITA CHURCH (via Clavature, 10)

The Monumental Complex of Santa Maria della Vita, whose management has been entrusted to the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio in Bologna since 2006, was reopened to the public in 2010 after a complete restoration.
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CASA SARACENI (via Farini, 15)

Considered to be one of the most interesting buildings in the city from the Renaissance period towards the late 15th century, today the historical residence of the noble Saraceni family is home to the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio in Bologna.
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AULA ABSIDALE OF SANTA LUCIA(via de’ Chiari, 25)

The Aula Absidale of the Santa Lucia complex was designed for different uses in the past, and it is part of the Bolognese University; it is the location dedicated to conventions and concerts.
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ORATORY OF ST. FILIPPO NERI (via Manzoni, 5)

The Oratory of San Filippo Neri is a fascinating cultural container property of the Fondazione del Monte di Bologna e Ravenna, that bought and restored the building in 1997 with the objective to return it to the city as a centre of cultural activities.
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ARCHIGINNASIO PALACE Anatomical Theatre Stabat Mater lecture hall Società Medica Chirurgica of Bologna lecture hall (piazza Galvani, 1)

The monumental 16th century building of Archiginnasio is one of the most meaningful palaces of Bologna.
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PALAZZO RE ENZO
Podestà hall
Re Enzo hall
Atti hall
Quadrante hall
(piazza Nettuno, 1)
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THE ARCADE OF DEATH (via Musei, 8)

The Arcade of Death takes its name from the nearby Hospital, now home of the Archeological Civic Museum.
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ENZO BIAGI AUDITORIUM – SALA BORSA (piazza del Nettuno, 3)

Right in the heart of Bologna, inside the wonderful setting of Sala Borsa, the Enzo Biagi Auditorium is located.
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DUSE THEATRE (via Cartoleria, 42)

Teatro Duse is the traditional theatre of Bologna and one of the oldest in the city. It is also one of the most important prose theatres in Italy.
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THE ACADEMY OF FINE ARTS IN BOLOGNA (via Belle Arti, 54)

The Academy of Fine Arts in Bologna is located in the heart of the University district.
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PALAZZO POGGI MUSEUM (via Zamboni, 33)

The current structure of Palazzo Poggi building dates back to remodeling and expansion work done in the 16th century on a home purchased by the Poggi family at the end of the 15th century.
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ISTITUTI ANATOMICI
Wax Museum “Luigi Cattaneo”(via Irnerio, 48)

The normal and pathological human anatomy collection of the Museum shows the path followed by 18th and 19th centuries medical sciences scholars who, after having acquired all the knowledge about the real nature of the human body, would start to study its diseases.
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The articles listed here are a selection of the ones dedicated to the second edition of the Festival della Scienza Medica. For the complete index of the Press Review 2016, click here

Click on the images to enlarge them

Piacenza e Provincia, March 21st, 2016

Unibo Magazine, April 12th, 2016

Corriere di Bologna, April 13th, 2016

Il Resto del Carlino Bologna, April 13th, 2016

 

 

Il Venerdì de La Repubblica, May 13th, 2016

Il Sole 24 Ore (Domenica), May 15th, 2016

Corriere della Sera, May 15th, 2016

Il Corriere della Sera, May 16th, 2016

QN – Il Resto del Carlino, La Nazione, Il Giorno, May 16th, 2016

Il Corriere di Bologna, May 17th, 2016

La Repubblica, May 17th, 2016

La Repubblica Bologna, May 17th, 2016

Tst, Tutto Scienze e Tecnologia, May 18th, 2016

F, May 18th, 2016

Ansa.it, May 19th, 2016

Il Corriere di Bologna, May 20th, 2016

Il Resto del Carlino, May 20th, 2016

Il Resto del Carlino, May 21st, 2016

Il Corriere di Bologna, May 21st, 2016

La Repubblica Bologna, May 21st, 2016

adnkronos, May 21st, 2016

Il Resto del Carlino Bologna, May 22nd, 2016

Il Corriere di Bologna, May 22nd, 2016

Il Resto del Carlino Bologna, May 23rd, 2016

La Repubblica Bologna, May 23rd, 2016

Il Corriere della Sera, May 25th, 2016

The Festival della Scienza Medica thanks the Authors, Photographers and Editors of the articles listed here, and is available to present further information about them, as well as – if formally and promptly required – to remove the article.

RADIO

RADIO EMILIA ROMAGNA May 16th, 2016
Presentazione Festival

 

RADIO INTERNAZTIONAL May 18th, 2016
Intervista Dott. Pino Donghi

 

RAI RADIO 1 LIFE May 18th, 2016
Intervista Prof. Roversi Monaco

 

RADIO CITTA DEL CAPO GR, 8.00 a.m., May 18th, 2016
Intervista Prof. Gilberto Corbellini

 

RADIO 3 SCIENZA May 18th, 2016
La sordità di Beethoven

 

RADIO 24 MOEBIUS May 21st, 2016
Contraffare la salute – Intervista Prof. Cantelli Forti

 

RADIO 3 SCIENZA May 30th, 2016
Intervista Prof. Eric Kandel

TV

RAI TRE -­TGR Emilia Romagna May 30th, 2016, 7 p.m.
Presentazione Festival

 

RAI UNO – UNO MATTINA May 19th, 2016
Storia di Lavinia

 

TRC TG EMILIA ROMAGNA May 20th, 2016
La Cina è sempre più vicina

 

ANSA TV – CANALE SALUTE E BENESSERE May 20th, 2016

Intervista Prof. Ciechanover
Intervista Prof. Beutler
Intervista Prof. Kandel

 

REPUBBLICA TV May 20th, 2016

Il futuro è la medicina personalizzata. Parola di Premi Nobel
Allarme vaccini. Ricciardi, chi ne parla male si metta una mano sulla coscienza

 

MEDIASET – ITALIA – SMART TOUCH! June 4th, 2016
Intervista a Carlo Verdone al Teatro Duse di Bologna