Obstructive sleep apnea: causes, effects and cures
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) affects 2-4% of the general population and over 20% in certain age groups. It is a serious and growing health, social and financial problem which affects both men and women. Late or failed diagnosis or late treatment determines an increase in death and birth rates in those affected with corresponding increases in direct and indirect health costs. Non-suitably treated patients have high comorbidity and complications risks, high risk of road and work accidents and low productivity due to an increase in absenteeism and reduced work performance. The treatment of patients with OSAS, at all ages, requires the intervention of a multidisciplinary panel of experts: diagnosis and therapy must be co-ordinated between various specialists, especially neurologists, otorhinolaryngologists, dentists and pneumologists with the ultimate aim being to guarantee optimal, full intervention.