The strategy to contrast antimicrobial resistance
The human species has been using antibiotics as pharmaceuticals for a little over 70 years. Before 1945, people used to die of pneumonia, meningitis, tuberculosis, gastroenteritis and infected wounds, while today these causes of death are relatively rare. Antibiotics are indispensable in modern medicine, which often makes use of medicines that reduce our defences against infections. In particular, bacteria that are becoming antibiotic resistant are Enterococci, Staphylococci, Clostridium, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas and Enterobacteria. The reason why we risk losing antibiotic effectiveness is mainly their overuse over the years, and when somebody overuses a remedy, this may stop functioning. A change in the use of antibiotics is crucial.